Renal calculi – drainage
Renal calculi, nephrolithiasis; sharp, shooting pains in the kidneys (renal area), lower back pain; pains in the sacral region; urine appears albuminous and contains: blood, epithelial and amorphous cellular casts, sediment, and oxalic acid.
Mode of action
Acidum nitricum: Hyperoxaluria; renal calculi composed mainly of oxalic acid; painful urination; urine has an offensive or strong odour.
Berberis vulgaris: Renal calculi with sharp pains which radiate outwards or downwards, low back pain which extends from the kidneys; pains cause stiffness and immobility, must lean to the right to relieve the pain; urine is reddish and albuminous; pain aggravated by pressure.
Calcarea renalis: An effective constitutional remedy.
Lycopodium: Painful urging for urination; reddish sediment in the urine; right sided renal colic; renal calculi; pains extending from the urethra to the bladder; impotence.
Sarsaparilla: Urinary sediment; acute pains during urination, which subside once urine has been passed; urinary incontinence.